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Adhesive binding: Type of binding in which glue or other adhesive is used to secure pages together along the spine.


Band strapping: Also known as banding, it's simply the grouping together several units of an item and fastening with a band or strap to hold them together.


Binding / Bookbinding: The process of assembling more than one pages into a document or book by attaching folded or unfolded sheets together and attaching to a cover.


Blanket Cylinder: The part of an offset lithographic printing press that contains a rubber blanket. The inked image is transferred from the plate to the blanket cylinder and from the plate to the paper or other printable surface.


Broadsheet: Large sheet of paper which on which newspaper were initially printed before downsizing to the smaller tabloid size.


Colour Separation:This is the process of separating a color image into separate color layers in order to print them. In addition to black, there are a minimum of three colors-cyan, magenta, and yellow-which are collectively known as CMYK. These separations recreate the original color image when laid over each other.


Creasing rule: Rule used to score or make deep crease along the lines where paper is to be folded.


Cut off: Lines demarcating the print area, that is, the area of the sheet to be printed.


Die stamping: Process using an engraved die to make an impression on a sheet of paper. This impression is usually an initial, logo, or word.


Dust jacket: Detachable or removable outer cover of a book that is usually printed with the title and text that also appears on the attached cover. It is used to protect a book from the elements.


Embossing: Embossing is a process used to make a raised imprint on paper.


Flexible binding: Also known as a soft cover, flexible binding is the process of attaching a flexible rather than rigid cover to books.




Font: The font is a full set of characters or glyphs-alphabet, numbers plus punctuation and other symbols-that share a common design in a range of sizes and styles such as bold and italic. Today the terms "font" and "typeface" are used interchangeably, although font once referred to the  specific size and style of a typeface.


Four-color: Four-color process is the basis of color printing and involves the separating of images into black plus three primary colors.


Gilding: Any technique that involves the application of fine gold to a surface. In printing, it's the process of applying gold leaf or foil (also in other metallic colors such as silver or bronze).





Graphic Arts (Graphic Design): Graphic design is the creative process used to transform a concept into a visual communication or design such as a brochure, poster, sign, book, and so on. Graphic design uses various techniques such as typography and page layout as well as elements of the graphic arts, which include drawing, calligraphy, typography, printmaking, photography, and bindery.


Gravure printing: Intaglio process that involves forming the image to be printed by cutting recessions or making depressions into the surface of the plate. The plate is then covered with ink and the excess wiped off so that it remains only in the etched lines, which recreate the image when the plate is pressed onto paper.



Hand binding: Binding books by hand, one of the main crafts in the field of book art. Hand binding is usually sewn. It is used to create new or custom binding and also to repair existing binding.


Hot foil stamping: Printing method that uses a heated die to stamp a design onto a metallic foil and apply it to the print surface.


Hot melt: Type of binding that uses a thermoplastic glue that is applied using a gun with a heating element that melts the adhesive so it can be applied with greater precision. The term 'hot melt' is also used to describe a screen printing technology that uses metal pastes with high melting points.



Intaglio printing: One of four main forms of printing that includes engraving, etching, and mezzo tint and which uses ink imprint formed by the recessed or depressed areas of the plate. It is the opposite of relief printing.


Kraft: Type of paper or cardboard produced from softwood pulp that is often used in artisanal printing.


Lace-on binding: Binding method that uses cord or strong to "lace" together the pages and attach to the cover.


Laid paper: Paper whose surface isn't smooth but textured with light ribbing.




Library binding: Binding method used to join together pamphlets, scientific papers, or journals by sewing pages in places and reinforcing the spine. The binding is particularly durable and also used for paperback books.


Lightness: Lightness is the tone of a color, measured by how it reflects light or brightness.


Line drawing: The pattern of lines formed on the printing plate after a page image has been transferred on it.


Lithography: Printing method that uses a metal plate with a completely smooth surface and based on the principle that grease and water repel one another.



Magenta: Bright purple-pink color that is one of the four basic inks used in printing.


Mechanical binding: Type of binding used for notebooks and occasionally catalogs which uses a spiral wire, rods, or plastic combs to hold pages together; documents held together this way are often referred to as 'spiral bound'.


Offset: Widely-used printing method by which an inked image is transferred from the printing plate to a rubber blanket and from there to the paper or other printing surface.


Page make-up: Process of formatting a page by placing text, images, and other elements on it. This was once done by hand, not it is done with the aid of desktop publishing software.



Paperback binding: Also known as perfect binding, this method is used in paperbacks for its durability. Pages are held together by being cut and glued to a strong, flexible cover.


Perfecting press: Printing press that simultaneously prints paper on both sides.


Perforation: Small holes or punctures made in paper that are used as a guide for tearing.


Photoengraving: Mechanical process used mainly for reproducing illustrations by submerging a metal plate in an acid bath.



Prepress: Prepress describes all the processes and procedures used to prepare a print design such as a book or brochure or poster for final printing. The prepress process converts the electronic file containing the document into a printing plate. Final proofs-a high-resolution depiction of what the printed document will look like-are produced during prepress.


Printing forms: Different types of printing such as offset lithography, screen printing, photoengraving, embossing, and so on.


Printing methods: Different types of printing such as offset lithography, screen printing, photoengraving, embossing, and so on.




Proof: An exact approximation of what the printed document will look like. Proofs are used as a final check of image and text placement, color, and special features like folds or perforation.


Punch register: Also known as a perforator, it is a machine used to pierce or stamp paper with holes or perforations to be used as a guide for easy tearing or separation.


Saturation: The intensity of an image's color or colors as measured by its brightness.


Section: Large sheet of paper; the term section is sometimes used interchangeably with the term signature.




Side stitching: Strong form of binding, often used in textbooks, that secures sections with flat-wire staples.


Signature: A large sheet of paper that folds down to four pages (or a number of pages that is a multiple of four, usually 8 or 16 but sometimes also 12).


Silkscreen printing: Printing method in which ink is forced through a fine mesh stencil created from the design.


Spine: The 'backbone' or a book or publication that runs down the binding along which all the pages and cover are attached.


Thread sealing: Method of binding in which a small number of pages, usually a signature, are sewn together and then bound to each other.


Typography: Typography is the art of arranging type in order to make language visible by selecting a proper typeface (font), size, line length, leading (spacing between lines), kerning (space between letters) and other elements. Typography is one of the graphic arts.


Watermark: Shading on a paper that is a recognizable image or pattern, especially when the sheet is held up to the light.


Work-and-tumble: Prepress and print process in which the plate contains all images to be printed on front and back of sheet. After one side has been printed, the sheets are turned over and printed on reverse, then the sheet is cut in half to produce identical images.



Work-and-tumble: Prepress and print process in which the plate contains all images to be printed on front and back of sheet. After one side has been printed, the sheets are turned over and printed on reverse, then the sheet is cut in half to produce identical images.


Work-and-turn: Prepress and print process in which the front and back of a page are mounted together, with one-half of the sheet top printing and the other half back printing.


Xerography: Xerography is a dry photocopying technique that reproduces images without the use of liquid chemicals. Its name derives from the Greek words "ksiros" or dry and "graphi" or writing. The technique was invented in the early twentieth century by Chester Carlson.